Abstract: Ensuring Access to early childhood education is very important condition to achieve Sustainable Development Goal #4 namely “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”. However, the importance of early childhood education is still not yet a priority among parents in many parts of Indonesia. This research asks what are the factors behind the high absence of children in early childhood education facilities in Eastern Indonesia? Elimination of barriers that prevent children from attending early year education service is the ensure access to quality education and early year education. Health issues, the impact of climate related risks, poverty, and also the local customary issues are found to be the key barriers that contribute low presence of early year school children in Indonesia thus contributing to the late starter in good quality education.