Exploitation of Indonesian migrant workers increases in numbers due to inadequate protection measures in domestic or abroad. Even after several abuses or deaths in their workplace, law enforcers has been unable to protect the survivals in Indonesia. In general, the number of migrant workers from East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) Province is not the highest in Indonesia but they are the most vulnerable to trafficking and physical abuse. The National Police Criminal Investigation (Bareskrim) claimed that the highest victims of human trafficking come from this province (Pos Kupang). Two names of national high profile cases namely Nirmala Bonat and also Wilfrida Soik are from West Timor, NTT. Nirmala Bonat was ironed in Malaysia in 2004 and it is highly possible that she was victim of child trafficking, and Wilfrida Soik is proved by her lawyer that she is the victim of child trafficking when she faced dead penalty to kill her employee.
A decade after Nirmala Bonat case, we still witness that the state protection service for migrant workers ihas been still ineffective. Migrant workers are still neglected, and highly ’commodified’ by the criminals in state institutions and also private sectors, such as recruitment company and also local intermediary. They are sold by the ‘multilevel’ of organized crime chain.
Since late February 2014, human trafficking issue has been the main focus of civil societal movement in NTT Province. Two women from Timor Tengah Selatan Regency die as slaves in a bird nest factory in Medan, North Sumatra Province. Slavery here is not in denotative or hypothetical meaning (as if), but ‘it is’ factual. Their dead could be prevented if Indonesian police, either in North Sumatra or East Nusa Tenggara Province, do not abuse their authority by neglecting the report of escaped victim a year before. The abuse of power of Indonesian police is highlighted by the testimony of Rudy Soik, an investigative police in East Nusa Tenggara Provincial office, that his boss practicing managerial secrecy by protecting the alleged company (Malindo Mitra Perkasa Company) to recruit children for migrant workers. Ironically, this case fails to attract police institution to evaluate managerial secrecy within it.
This research is part of action research which is done by IRGSC within AMPERA (Alliance Against Human Trafficking). AMPERA is an alliance of different NGOs (e.g. JPIT, PIAR, Rumah Perempuan, J-RUK), and other non-affiliated individuals.
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